dehydration http://www.wisebread.com/taxonomy/term/9040/all en-US All Dried Up: How to Dry Fruits and Vegetables http://www.wisebread.com/all-dried-up-how-to-dry-fruits-and-vegetables <div class="field field-type-filefield field-field-blog-image"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <a href="/all-dried-up-how-to-dry-fruits-and-vegetables" class="imagecache imagecache-250w imagecache-linked imagecache-250w_linked"><img src="http://wisebread.killeracesmedia.netdna-cdn.com/files/fruganomics/imagecache/250w/blog-images/2792561727_f28d74efe5_z.jpg" alt="drying fruit" title="drying fruit" class="imagecache imagecache-250w" width="250" height="140" /></a> </div> </div> </div> <p>Even as a kid I was crafty in the kitchen. So when I learned at a young age that raisins are the result of sun-dried grapes, you know I had to test out that theory in my own open-air laboratory, AKA my grandmother&rsquo;s backyard.</p> <p>But after numerous failed attempts and wasting enough grapes to draw the ire of my mum-mum (that&rsquo;s what I called my grandmother), I gave up on my science experiment and decided that Sun-Maid must be part of a government conspiracy.</p> <p>It&rsquo;s not, of course. It seems that the real reason why my experiment didn&rsquo;t work is because I lived in the wrong climate&hellip;and patience is not my virtue. So you don&rsquo;t have to sit in time out for misusing $5 worth of produce, here are nine simple steps for drying fruits and veggies. (See also:&nbsp;<a href="http://www.wisebread.com/the-produce-workers-guide-to-storing-25-common-fruits-and-veggies">The Produce Worker's Guide to Storing 25 Common&nbsp;Fruits and Veggies</a>)</p> <h3>1. Choose Your Produce</h3> <p>Use only fresh produce; stay away from any fruits and veggies that have signs of rot. Good drying fruits include strawberries, apples, pineapple, bananas, grapes, and figs. Veggies that you can dry include carrots, tomatoes, mushrooms, peas, onions, and pumpkin.</p> <h3>2. Decide How You Want to Dry Your Produce</h3> <p>You can go the eco-friendly route and sun dry, but you&rsquo;ll need at least five straight days of 85&deg;F weather, preferably with direct sunlight and no insects. (My 10-year-old self could have used this information.) If you want to be super fancy, you can use a solar food dehydrator to reduce your carbon footprint. If outside drying isn&rsquo;t an option, use an electric food dehydrator or a conventional oven &mdash; the rest of these tips concern the latter two methods.</p> <h3>3. Preheat Your Oven or Electric Dehydrator to 140&deg;F</h3> <p>While the appliance is heating, wash your produce, and remove any stems, cores, and pits it may contain. If you&rsquo;re using vegetables, blanch in boiling water for two minutes and remove from the heat.</p> <h3>4. Chop</h3> <p>Prepare your produce for the drying process by cutting it into bite-sized pieces. This makes the dried food easier to eat and helps speed up the drying process.</p> <h3>5. Give Your Produce a Bath</h3> <p>Dunk the cut produce in a solution of one part lemon juice, eight parts water. Remove quickly. The produce doesn&rsquo;t need to take a bath in the solution; it just needs a coating of the diluted citric acid to prevent oxidation.</p> <h3>6. Lay Out the Produce</h3> <p>If you&rsquo;re using an oven, line a baking sheet with wax paper and arrange the bite-sized pieces of produce in a single layer, allowing enough space between pieces for each piece to breathe. If you&rsquo;re using an electric dehydrator, place the fruit on the stackable mesh screens with enough room to breathe.</p> <h3>7. Dehydrate</h3> <p>Place the fruit in the oven or <a href="http://www.wisebread.com/9-money-saving-reasons-to-buy-a-food-dehydrator">electric dehydrator</a> preheated to 140&deg;F for 4 to 16 hours, depending on what you&rsquo;re dehydrating. To find out approximate drying times for specific fruits and vegetables, use this handy <a href="http://pubs.ext.vt.edu/348/348-597/348-597.html#L2">dehydration chart</a>.</p> <h3>8. Remove and Cool</h3> <p>When you&rsquo;ve dried the produce for the appropriate amount of time, remove it from the appliance and let it sit for an hour to cool.</p> <h3>9. Store</h3> <p>Pack the produce in airtight containers or <a href="http://www.wisebread.com/sanity-saving-ideas-for-canning-jars">canning jars</a> to keep it fresh for six months to one year.</p> <h3>How to Freeze-Dry</h3> <p>If you don&rsquo;t want to waste gas or electricity, or if it&rsquo;s just too darn hot to run the oven all day long, consider freeze-drying your fruit. Most of the same steps apply, with a few exceptions.</p> <p><strong>1. Prepare the Produce</strong></p> <p>Wash and cut your fruit and line the mesh trays the same way you would if you were preparing to dehydrate it. Mesh trays are necessary here because you want the cold air to circulate around the entire piece of produce.</p> <p><strong>2. Put the Trays in the Freezer</strong></p> <p>Put the mesh trays in the <a href="http://www.wisebread.com/15-phenomenally-frugal-single-serving-freezer-meals">freezer </a>in a single layer; don&rsquo;t stack them. Leave the trays in the freezer for one week.</p> <p><strong>3. Remove</strong></p> <p>After a week, transfer the freeze-dried fruit to airtight containers or storage bags and store in the freezer.&nbsp;</p> <p><strong>4. Reconstitute for Use</strong></p> <p>When you&rsquo;re ready to use the produce, place the it in a bowl, add water, and heat in the microwave until the produce reconstitutes.</p> <br /><div id="custom_wisebread_footer"><div id="rss_tagline">This article is from <a href="http://www.wisebread.com/mikey-rox">Mikey Rox</a> of <a href="http://www.wisebread.com/all-dried-up-how-to-dry-fruits-and-vegetables">Wise Bread</a>, an award-winning personal finance and <a href="http://www.wisebread.com/credit-cards">credit card comparison</a> website. Read more great articles from Wise Bread:</div><div class="view view-similarterms view-id-similarterms view-display-id-block_2 view-dom-id-1"> <div class="view-content"> <div class="item-list"> <ul> <li class="views-row views-row-1 views-row-odd views-row-first"> <div class="views-field-title"> <span class="field-content"><a href="http://www.wisebread.com/eight-natural-ways-to-make-water-more-flavorful">Eight Natural Ways to Make Water More Flavorful</a></span> </div> </li> <li class="views-row views-row-2 views-row-even"> <div class="views-field-title"> <span class="field-content"><a href="http://www.wisebread.com/how-to-make-moonshine">How to Make Moonshine</a></span> </div> </li> <li class="views-row views-row-3 views-row-odd"> <div class="views-field-title"> <span class="field-content"><a href="http://www.wisebread.com/18-cheap-and-attractive-ideas-for-bookshelves">18 Cheap and Attractive Ideas for Bookshelves</a></span> </div> </li> <li class="views-row views-row-4 views-row-even"> <div class="views-field-title"> <span class="field-content"><a href="http://www.wisebread.com/15-unique-holiday-gifts-you-can-bake">15 Delicious Gifts You Can Bake</a></span> </div> </li> <li class="views-row views-row-5 views-row-odd views-row-last"> <div class="views-field-title"> <span class="field-content"><a href="http://www.wisebread.com/for-delicious-cocktails-infuse-alcohol">For Delicious Cocktails, Infuse Alcohol</a></span> </div> </li> </ul> </div> </div> </div> </div><br/></br> DIY Food and Drink dehydration dried food freezer storage Wed, 25 Jul 2012 10:36:35 +0000 Mikey Rox 944069 at http://www.wisebread.com 9 Money Saving Reasons to Buy a Food Dehydrator http://www.wisebread.com/9-money-saving-reasons-to-buy-a-food-dehydrator <div class="field field-type-filefield field-field-blog-image"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <a href="/9-money-saving-reasons-to-buy-a-food-dehydrator" class="imagecache imagecache-250w imagecache-linked imagecache-250w_linked"><img src="http://wisebread.killeracesmedia.netdna-cdn.com/files/fruganomics/imagecache/250w/blog-images/dried-tomatoes-flickr-vieuxbandit-3842715428_2b91854334.jpg" alt="Tomatoes Dried in Food Dehydrator" title="Food Dehydrator Dried Tomatoes by Vieux Bandit / Flickr" class="imagecache imagecache-250w" width="250" height="250" /></a> </div> </div> </div> <p>Looking for more money-saving ideas during these tough economic times? Dig that food dehydrator out of storage. This is a frugal living tip that almost everyone can act on. Just by reducing or eliminating food waste, you can save quite a bit of money.</p> <p>Don't have a dehydrator? These days, you can buy a brand new one for less than the cost of a Playstation game. Or, visit the flea market or yard sales around the neighborhood. Still can't find one? Try Craigslist. Don't have <em>any</em> money for another kitchen appliance? <a target="_blank" href="http://www.goodeatsfanpage.com/Season11/dried_fruit/witheringbites.htm">Alton Brown will show you how to make one</a>.</p> <p><img alt="Waste Not, Want Not -- WW1 Poster" src="http://wisebread.killeracesmedia.netdna-cdn.com/files/fruganomics/Waste_not_want_not_WWI_poster-wikipedia.jpg" /></p> <p>Here are nine ways a dehydrator can help you stretch your budget:</p> <h3>1. Cut down on wasted food.</h3> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.cnn.com/2007/WORLD/asiapcf/09/24/food.leftovers/index.html#cnnSTCText">Americans waste $30 billion worth of food every year</a>. With an electric or solar dehydrator at home, you can preserve the excess and prevent it from going into the garbage. Before I started drying food regularly, I must've lost at least 10% of my fruits and vegetable to spoilage every month. Are you keeping track of how much food you don't get to use?</p> <h3>2. Buy groceries in bulk.</h3> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.wisebread.com/huge-tax-free-investment-returns">It's often cheaper to buy a lot of groceries at a time</a>, but it's counterproductive if you can't use all the food. With a dehydrator, you don't have to worry about that because you can dehydrate leftovers and store it for several months.</p> <h3>3. Go vegetarian or vegan for a short time or forever.</h3> <p>One of <a target="_blank" href="http://www.thechinastudy.com/about.html">the healthiest things you can do for yourself</a> is reduce the amount of animal products in your diet. And, if you do that, you'll have a less expensive grocery bill too because meats are often the priciest item in the shopping cart. The health benefits and supermarket savings have an even greater effect if you're feeding a large family.</p> <p><img alt="Green Cherry Tomatoes" src="http://wisebread.killeracesmedia.netdna-cdn.com/files/fruganomics/green-cherry-tomatoes-garden-wikipedia.jpg" /></p> <h3>4. Start an organic herb and/or vegetable garden in your backyard.</h3> <p>If you can <a title="Vegatable Gardening: 4 Cheap Hacks" href="http://www.wisebread.com/vegetable-gardening-four-cheap-hacks">grow some of your own food</a>, you'll realize a big savings at the market. Besides lowering your bill, you'll actually be producing tastier and more nutritious herbs and vegetables because you can avoid the nasty, <a target="_blank" href="http://www.foodrevolution.org/askjohn/41.htm">poisonous chemicals used in mass farming</a>. Obviously, you don't need a dehdyrator to start a garden, but if you know your efforts won't go to waste, you'll be more likely to do it. Having dried herbs, fruits, or vegetables in stock encourages healthy cooking and eating.</p> <h3>5. Freshen up the house with homemade potpouri.</h3> <p>Another fantastic way to use up your excess harvest is to <a target="_blank" href="http://suzannemcminn.com/blog/2009/08/31/peach-harvest-potpourri/">making potpourri</a>. By combining fruits, flowers, and essential oils, you can add a pleasant fragrance to your home.</p> <h3>6. Stop buying candy.</h3> <p>Since getting my dehydrator, I've cut my candy budget down to almost zero. Instead of munching on unhealthy, sugary candies like Red Vines and jelly beans, I snack on <a target="_blank" href="http://smallgoatgarden.blogspot.com/2009/08/homemade-fruit-roll-ups.html">fruit leathers</a> and <a target="_blank" href="http://www.dehydratorbook.com/dehydrate-fruit.html">dried fruit</a>. Removing the water concetrates the natural sugar in the homemade &quot;candies&quot; so they'll satisfy even your strongest cravings for sweets.</p> <h3>7. It's a jerky machine.</h3> <p>If you like to buy your jerky at the market, you know it's pretty expensive. It's just meat without the water. You can do that at home, and I think it's the main reason people buy food dehydrators. Of all the dehydrator recipes online, the most common are the jerky varieties. With a dehydrator at home, you can experiment. Instead of beef, how about trying venison, turkey, fish, or even <a target="_blank" href="http://chairthrower.org/tofujerky/">tofu jerky</a>?</p> <h3>8. You can make homemade treats and present them as gifts.</h3> <p>My favorite gifts during the holidays are usually the handmade/homemade food and crafts. I like to make bags of banana chips and berries to give away. You can make beef jerky or other goodies and save money by <a target="_blank" href="http://www.news.com.au/business/money/story/0,28323,24843655-14327,00.html">not having to buy things</a>. Just about every dehydrator recipe is a frugal recipe. This is truly budget cooking. Create personalized gift baskets or bags of dried fruit or meat with your dehydrator and creativity.</p> <h3>9. Save money on medical expenses and overall spending.</h3> <p>It's easier to eat healthy if you have healthy food around. With a dehydrator, you can make snacks and main dishes without added fat and sugar. If you have a bag of wholesome apple chips, you're more likely to choose that over a bag of unhealthy potato chips. And, with a healthier body, you'll require fewer doctor visits and hospital trips. <a target="_blank" href="http://articles.moneycentral.msn.com/Insurance/Advice/WhatIfNoOneWereFat.aspx">Get healthy, spend less</a>.</p> <p>So much of our budget goes toward the food we eat and don't eat. Having a food dehydrator in the kitchen will help you bring that expense down. Americans waste 40% of the food made for consumption. How much are you contributing to that figure? Considering you can get a decent dehydrator for less than $50, I'm certain it'll pay for itself in a matter of months, if not weeks. Add the heath benefits of eating well, and your food dehydrator can save your life.</p> <div class="field field-type-text field-field-guestpost-blurb"> <div class="field-label">Guest Post Blurb:&nbsp;</div> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <p>This is a guest post from Alex Wayne, host of <a href="http://www.dehydratorbook.com/" title="Food dehydrator reviews">Dehydrator Book</a>, where you can find reviews, recipes and tips to make the most of your dehydrator, like this reference for <a href="http://www.dehydratorbook.com/how-to.html" title="How to Dehydrate 36 Foods">How to Dehydrate 35+ Different Foods</a>.</p> </div> </div> </div> <br /><div id="custom_wisebread_footer"><div id="rss_tagline">This article is from <a href="http://www.wisebread.com/alex-wayne">Alex Wayne</a> of <a href="http://www.wisebread.com/9-money-saving-reasons-to-buy-a-food-dehydrator">Wise Bread</a>, an award-winning personal finance and <a href="http://www.wisebread.com/credit-cards">credit card comparison</a> website. Read more great articles from Wise Bread:</div><div class="view view-similarterms view-id-similarterms view-display-id-block_2 view-dom-id-2"> <div class="view-content"> <div class="item-list"> <ul> <li class="views-row views-row-1 views-row-odd views-row-first"> <div class="views-field-title"> <span class="field-content"><a href="http://www.wisebread.com/the-5-best-cutting-boards-0">The 5 Best Cutting Boards</a></span> </div> </li> <li class="views-row views-row-2 views-row-even"> <div class="views-field-title"> <span class="field-content"><a href="http://www.wisebread.com/usda-data-visualization-tool">USDA Data Visualization Tool</a></span> </div> </li> <li class="views-row views-row-3 views-row-odd"> <div class="views-field-title"> <span class="field-content"><a href="http://www.wisebread.com/hungry-have-a-drink">Hungry? Have a drink.</a></span> </div> </li> <li class="views-row views-row-4 views-row-even"> <div class="views-field-title"> <span class="field-content"><a href="http://www.wisebread.com/3-reasons-why-buying-groceries-online-is-great">3 Reasons Why Buying Groceries Online Is Great</a></span> </div> </li> <li class="views-row views-row-5 views-row-odd views-row-last"> <div class="views-field-title"> <span class="field-content"><a href="http://www.wisebread.com/buying-restaurant-quality-cookware">Buying Restaurant-Quality Cookware</a></span> </div> </li> </ul> </div> </div> </div> </div><br/></br> Food and Drink Technology dehydration kitchen Mon, 14 Sep 2009 14:57:33 +0000 Alex Wayne 3597 at http://www.wisebread.com Hungry? Have a drink. http://www.wisebread.com/hungry-have-a-drink <div class="field field-type-filefield field-field-blog-image"> <div class="field-items"> <div class="field-item odd"> <a href="/hungry-have-a-drink" class="imagecache imagecache-250w imagecache-linked imagecache-250w_linked"><img src="http://wisebread.killeracesmedia.netdna-cdn.com/files/fruganomics/imagecache/250w/blog-images/1268879762.jpg" alt="Thirst" title="Thirst" class="imagecache imagecache-250w" width="250" height="165" /></a> </div> </div> </div> <p>The chances are, you&#39;re dehydrated right now. In fact, over 75% of the American population is deyhdrated, and worse still, over 80% know they are. No big deal? Well, it is actually. Lack of hydration can lead to all kinds of problems, including obesity, fatigue and a much higher risk of certain cancers. So grab a glass or three of water and read on.</p> <p>One of the biggest reasons for some of my own weight gain when I first got to America was dehydration. I came from a very humid climate to a very dry one. And because my thirst mechanism (that sensation that tells you when to drink) was so weak, I was often mistaking my thirst for hunger. A quick snack later and I felt satisfied. But all I had done was increase my salt and fat intake and that just made me thirstier. Which made me hungrier. And thus, the cycle began. What&#39;s more, by the time we feel thirsty we are already dehydrated. And by the time we&#39;ve reached the ripe old age of 30, thirst sensations in the mouth decrease significantly. </p> <p><img src="http://healthcarehacks.com/files/fruganomics/u17/966608_drinking___.jpg" alt="water" title="water" width="300" height="253" /> </p> <p>According to many sources I checked, including the American Medical Association, roughly one in three Americans mistake thirst for hunger. And that&#39;s just the beginning of the story. As human beings are composed mainly of water (blood is 92% water, brain is 72%, lungs are 90%), we depend on it for our vital health and bodily functions. </p> <p>A good rule of thumb is to halve your weight and drink that as ounces. So, as a 200lb person I should drink around 100 ounces daily. That&#39;s roughly one 6oz glass every hour from 7am to 11pm, my average day. It&#39;s just a rough guide, but you should at least drink 64 ounces of water every day if you can. </p> <p>Here&#39;s a laundry list of facts I found about that most precious H20.</p> <ul> <li>Dehydration is a major contributor to many diseases; conversely good hydration reduces the risk of disease.</li> <li>Chronic dehydration causes: asthma, arthritis, kidney stones, gall stones, hypertension, cardio vascular diseases, weight gain, migraines, loss of muscle tone and digestive complications.</li> <li>Most adults loose between two and three quarts of water a day without exercising. </li> <li>One quart of water is lost during a night’s sleep.</li> <li>Caffeinated drink cause the body to discharge water.</li> <li>Water prevents DNA damage and makes its repair mechanism more efficient. It also increases the efficiency of the immune system in bone marrow, including its efficiency against cancer.</li> <li>Water reduces fatigue, and the incidences of morning sickness in pregnancy. It also helps reduce stress, anxiety, depression and constipation.</li> <li>Lack of water is the #1 reason for daytime fatigue and performance reduction.</li> <li>Just a 2% drop in body fluid causes a 20% reduction in mental and physical performance.</li> <li>Drinking water is crucial for weight loss programs.</li> <li>Even mild dehydration can slow metabolism as much as 3%.</li> <li>On a diet? 1 glass of water shuts down midnight hunger.</li> <li>Water makes skin smooth, helps decrease the effects of aging, and gives luster and shine to the eyes.</li> <li>Dehydration prevents sex hormone production, a primary cause of impotence and loss of libido.</li> <li>Water helps prevent memory loss as we age. </li> </ul> <p>Now, before you all rush to the store for bottles of spring water, here&#39;s a suggestion. Actually, a plea. The water coming from your faucet is perfectly fine and is considerably less harmful to the environment than the stuff you get in handy plastic bottles. We&#39;re experiencing an oil shortage, and millions of bottles end up in land fills daily. So, stick to tap water. If you can&#39;t handle the taste, a simple water filter can end that, and they&#39;re cheap. Much cheaper than the impact to your wallet, and the environment, from bottled water.</p> <p>Allow me also to explain what this article has to do with &#39;living large on a small budget&#39;, before I&#39;m inevitably asked that question. If, by simply drinking humble tap water, you can avoid obesity and other serious medical problems, memory loss, fatigue and improve overall job performace...well, I think that&#39;s living pretty large indeed. </p> <p>Time for a refill I think.</p> <p><em>A selection of sources (as requested, you will notice such names as the MayoClinic, the EPA and CNN).</em></p> <p><em><a href="http://www.allaboutwater.org/water-facts.html">http://www.allaboutwater.org/water-facts.html</a> <br /><a href="http://www.water.org/waterpartners.aspx?pgID=916">http://www.water.org/waterpartners.aspx?pgID=916</a> <br /><a href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Drinking_water">http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Drinking_water</a> <br /><a href="/www.epa.gov/safewater/sdwa/30th/factsheets/pdfs/fs_30ann_waterfacts_web.pdf">www.epa.gov/safewater/sdwa/30th/factsheets/pdfs/fs_30ann_waterfacts_web.pdf</a> <br /><a href="http://www.bidness.com/esd/h2ofacts.htm">http://www.bidness.com/esd/h2ofacts.htm</a> <br /><a href="http://www.cybercity-online.net/health/water.html">http://www.cybercity-online.net/health/water.html</a> <br /><a href="http://www.drinktap.org/consumerdnn/">http://www.drinktap.org/consumerdnn/</a> <br /><a href="http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/water/NU00283">http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/water/NU00283</a> <br /><a href="http://www.cnn.com/HEALTH/library/NU/00283.html">http://www.cnn.com/HEALTH/library/NU/00283.html</a> <br /><a href="http://www.naturodoc.com/library/nutrition/water.htm">http://www.naturodoc.com/library/nutrition/water.htm</a> <br /><a href="http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2007/08/070811225126.htm">http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2007/08/070811225126.htm</a> <br /> </em></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <br /><div id="custom_wisebread_footer"><div id="rss_tagline">This article is from <a href="http://www.wisebread.com/paul-michael">Paul Michael</a> of <a href="http://www.wisebread.com/hungry-have-a-drink">Wise Bread</a>, an award-winning personal finance and <a href="http://www.wisebread.com/credit-cards">credit card comparison</a> website. Read more great articles from Wise Bread:</div><div class="view view-similarterms view-id-similarterms view-display-id-block_2 view-dom-id-3"> <div class="view-content"> <div class="item-list"> <ul> <li class="views-row views-row-1 views-row-odd views-row-first"> <div class="views-field-title"> <span class="field-content"><a href="http://www.wisebread.com/6-foods-scientifically-proven-to-increase-your-lifespan">6 Foods Scientifically Proven to Increase Your Lifespan</a></span> </div> </li> <li class="views-row views-row-2 views-row-even"> <div class="views-field-title"> <span class="field-content"><a href="http://www.wisebread.com/alcohol-is-good-for-your-heart">Alcohol is good for your heart</a></span> </div> </li> <li class="views-row views-row-3 views-row-odd"> <div class="views-field-title"> <span class="field-content"><a href="http://www.wisebread.com/10-tricks-to-get-you-drinking-more-water">10 Tricks to Get You Drinking More Water</a></span> </div> </li> <li class="views-row views-row-4 views-row-even"> <div class="views-field-title"> <span class="field-content"><a href="http://www.wisebread.com/14-dumb-things-holding-you-back-from-losing-weight">14 Dumb Things Holding You Back From Losing Weight</a></span> </div> </li> <li class="views-row views-row-5 views-row-odd views-row-last"> <div class="views-field-title"> <span class="field-content"><a href="http://www.wisebread.com/7-ways-to-eat-more-slowly-and-lose-more-weight">7 Ways to Eat More Slowly — and Lose More Weight</a></span> </div> </li> </ul> </div> </div> </div> </div><br/></br> Food and Drink General Tips Health and Beauty Lifestyle dehydration Health water weight loss well-being Mon, 14 Apr 2008 23:07:26 +0000 Paul Michael 1973 at http://www.wisebread.com